42区 One Great State

关于 Arizona's Conservation Districts

The Dust Bowl of the 1930s caused 广泛 soil erosion and loss of plant and animal crops across America’s Great Plains, crippling our nation’s food supply. In response to this crisis, President Roosevelt established a national policy on soil conservation and a governmental organization under the USDA in 1935 (the Soil Conservation Service, now called the Natural Resources Conservation Service), 1942年,, local subdivisions of this organization were created.

T在这里 are 42 Conservation Districts in Arizona: 32 are administered under 状态 law and identified as Natural Resource Conservation Districts, while 10 are administered under tribal law and identified as Tribal Soil and Water Conservation Districts – collectively, “Conservation Districts” (or simply, “区”). With their formation, Conservation Districts were given broad authority including the power to:

  • 识别 resource problems by surveys, research, and consultation with landowners

  • 协调 planning to address resource problems among landowners and 状态 and 联邦 agencies

  • 获得 property or equipment and contract for the provision of technical and other services

  • 寻求 funding from various sources to support implementation of conservation practices

  • 行为 education and training programs for local landowners and other interests

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Conservation Districts are the only organization in Arizona – local, 状态, or 联邦 – with such broad authority to work on all types of natural resource conservation practices across all land ownership/usage types. All other government agencies are restricted to specific resources (e.g. water, wildlife) or land ownership/usage type (e.g. 私人, 联邦, 状态). In a 状态 w在这里 a large percentage of the land is administered by 联邦 agencies, Conservation Districts are uniquely positioned to represent the concerns of Arizona’s residents, especially those in small towns and rural areas, and to see that Arizona’s conservation interests are protected from outside interests or national policies.

The Districts serve 状态, 私人, 联邦, and tribal lands, administered by a Board of Supervisors. Each District sets priorities for their area and engages in conservation practices with their District Cooperators. (What's a Cooperator? 点击 在这里 to learn more!)

Courtesy of Eloy NRCD
Courtesy of Eloy NRCD

What Conservation Districts Do

The Arizona Legislature has charged Arizona's Conservation Districts with the statutory responsibility (ARS Title 37 Public Lands, Chapter 6) to provide for the: 

  • Restoration and conservation of lands and soil resources of the 状态
  • Preservation of water rights and the control and prevention of soil erosion
  • Conservation of natural resources and wildlife
  • Protection of public lands
  • Protection and restoration of the 状态’s rivers and streams (and associated riparian habitats, including fish and wildlife resources that are dependent on those habitats)
  • Protection and promotion of public health, safety, and general welfare of the people

How Conservation Districts Came to Be A Brief History

1930s - The Dust Bowl deva状态s America’s cropland

1935 - Congress declares soil and water conservation a national priority (PL 46) & signs the Soil Conservation Act

1937 - President Franklin D. Roosevelt provides 状态s with model legislation to create conservation districts

1941 - Arizona's Soil Conservation Districts are established: AZ Legislature authorizes enabling act A.R.S. 37-1001, et seq.

1944 - Arizona Association of Conservation Districts is established

1970 - Arizona’s Soil Conservation Districts are renamed Natural Resource Conservation Districts

1980s - Tribal Soil & Water Conservation Districts are formed under Tribal Council Law