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关于 Arizona's Conservation Districts
The Dust Bowl of the 1930s caused 广泛 soil erosion and loss of plant and animal crops across America’s Great Plains, crippling our nation’s food supply. In response to this crisis, President Roosevelt established a national policy on soil conservation and a governmental organization under the USDA in 1935 (the Soil Conservation Service, now called the Natural Resources Conservation Service), 1942年,, local subdivisions of this organization were created.
T在这里 are 42 Conservation Districts in Arizona: 32 are administered under 状态 law and identified as Natural Resource Conservation Districts, while 10 are administered under tribal law and identified as Tribal Soil and Water Conservation Districts – collectively, “Conservation Districts” (or simply, “区”). With their formation, Conservation Districts were given broad authority including the power to:
识别 resource problems by surveys, research, and consultation with landowners
协调 planning to address resource problems among landowners and 状态 and 联邦 agencies
获得 property or equipment and contract for the provision of technical and other services
寻求 funding from various sources to support implementation of conservation practices
行为 education and training programs for local landowners and other interests
Conservation Districts are the only organization in Arizona – local, 状态, or 联邦 – with such broad authority to work on all types of natural resource conservation practices across all land ownership/usage types. All other government agencies are restricted to specific resources (e.g. water, wildlife) or land ownership/usage type (e.g. 私人, 联邦, 状态). In a 状态 w在这里 a large percentage of the land is administered by 联邦 agencies, Conservation Districts are uniquely positioned to represent the concerns of Arizona’s residents, especially those in small towns and rural areas, and to see that Arizona’s conservation interests are protected from outside interests or national policies.
The Districts serve 状态, 私人, 联邦, and tribal lands, administered by a Board of Supervisors. Each District sets priorities for their area and engages in conservation practices with their District Cooperators. (What's a Cooperator? 点击 在这里 to learn more!)
What Conservation Districts Do
The Arizona Legislature has charged Arizona's Conservation Districts with the statutory responsibility (ARS Title 37 Public Lands, Chapter 6) to provide for the:
How Conservation Districts Came to Be A Brief History
1930s - The Dust Bowl deva状态s America’s cropland
1935 - Congress declares soil and water conservation a national priority (PL 46) & signs the Soil Conservation Act
1937 - President Franklin D. Roosevelt provides 状态s with model legislation to create conservation districts
1941 - Arizona's Soil Conservation Districts are established: AZ Legislature authorizes enabling act A.R.S. 37-1001, et seq.
1944 - Arizona Association of Conservation Districts is established
1970 - Arizona’s Soil Conservation Districts are renamed Natural Resource Conservation Districts
1980s - Tribal Soil & Water Conservation Districts are formed under Tribal Council Law